Forages

ForagesHigh yields of high-quality forage are vital to the dairy and livestock industries. Feed-costs are often half of a farm's business expenses each year. This page contains resources and information to help farmers better manage silage, hay, and pastures. 

FORAGES CATEGORIES




2021 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring June 1, 2021

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 2, 2021

2021 North Country 1st Cutting Alfalfa & Grass Quality Monitor May 24, 2021

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 25, 2021

2021 North Country 1st Cutting Alfalfa‐Grass Quality Monitor-May 17, 2021

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 18, 2021

2021 North Country 1st Cutting Alfalfa-Grass Quality Monitor May 10, 2021

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 11, 2021

Improve Pastures and Hay Fields by Overseeding Perennial Forage Grasses and Legu

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 10, 2021

Short on Hay This Spring?

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 10, 2021

2021 North Country 1st Cutting Alfalfa‐Grass Quality Monitor

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 7, 2021

Managing Corn Rootworm in NY to delay Bt resistance (& save seed costs)

Last Modified: February 2, 2021

Don't Ignore Marestail this Fall

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 1, 2020

Weed Control in Grass Hayfields

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 1, 2020

Hay or Ney

Casey Havekes, Dairy Management
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: September 14, 2020

Emergency Forage Options for NNY 2020

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: July 23, 2020

NNY Receives Official "Abnormally Dry" Classification, May 19, 2020

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 29, 2020

Dicamba tolerant soybeans without dicamba

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 5, 2020

2020 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 2 June Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 3, 2020

2020 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 26 May Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 28, 2020

2020 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 18 May Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 20, 2020

2020 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 11 May Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 13, 2020

Burndown herbicide options in no till soybeans and corn

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 8, 2020

Interim Guidance for Horticulture

Last Modified: May 8, 2020

NNYADP: New Way to Apply Biocontrol Nematodes

Last Modified: May 8, 2020

Potential Pitfalls of Growing Soybean after Soybean

Last Modified: May 8, 2020

Young Farm Entrepreneur Applying NNYADP Biocontrol Research Results

Last Modified: May 8, 2020

2020North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 4 May Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 6, 2020

Guidance for the Horticulture Industry

Kelsey O'Shea, Agriculture Business Development
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 28, 2020
Guidance for the Horticulture Industry

Report Seedcorn Maggot and Wireworm Damage: WE NEED YOUR INPUT

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 28, 2020
Report Seedcorn Maggot and Wireworm Damage:  WE NEED YOUR INPUT

How to Manange COVID-19 Risks on Dairy Farms

Last Modified: March 19, 2020

Hemp Update 2020

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: March 5, 2020

Dairy Farming Abroad!

Kelsey O'Shea, Agriculture Business Development
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: March 4, 2020

Soybean Cyst Nematode Now Confirmed in Six Additional Counties in New York

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 5, 2020

Growing Hemp in NYS

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 4, 2020

Marketing and Processing Hemp in NYS

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 4, 2020

Ear to Ground November 20,2019

Last Modified: December 9, 2019

Winter Grain Crop Insurance Deadline

Kelsey O'Shea, Agriculture Business Development
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: December 9, 2019

Beginning Producer Benefits for Crop Insurance

Last Modified: October 2, 2019

Marestail in the fall

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 2, 2019

PRODAIRY e-Alert Bunker and Silo Safety

Lindsay Ferlito, Dairy Management
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 2, 2019
PRODAIRY e-Alert Bunker and Silo Safety

Silage Rule Change

Kelsey O'Shea, Agriculture Business Development
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: July 9, 2019

Apps in Ag

Last Modified: June 24, 2019

Late postemergence herbicide applications in field corn: How tall is too tall?

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 24, 2019

Late Summer Seedings

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 24, 2019

Wet Spring Can Impact Forage Quality for Entire Year

Last Modified: June 24, 2019

Chemical Free Weed Control in Pasture and Hay

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 19, 2019

Pasture Improvements

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 19, 2019

Sneaky PAsture Weeds

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 19, 2019

2019 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 3 June 2019 Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 5, 2019

2019 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 28 May 2019 Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 30, 2019

2019 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 21 May 2019 Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 22, 2019

2019 North Country 1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring - 14 May 2019 Report

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 16, 2019

Assess Alfalfa, Winter Cereal and Grass Stands for Spring Reseeding Decisions

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 10, 2019

North Country 1st Cutting Alfalfa‐Grass Quality Monitor

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 10, 2019

Biological Control of Alfalfa Snout Beetle: An Update after a Decade of Nematode

Last Modified: April 16, 2019

Paraquat Certified Applicator Training to Prevent Poisonings Now Available

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 16, 2019

Rye Cover Crop Termination 2019

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 16, 2019

Exploring Industrial Hemp Production in New York

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 9, 2019

What are Mycorrhizae and Should They Factor into Your Crop Management Plans?

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 5, 2019

You can Never be too prepared for an Emergency

Lindsay Ferlito, Dairy Management
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 5, 2019

Get to Know Herbicide Sites of Action

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: December 4, 2018

New Online Crop Maturity Planning Tool

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: December 4, 2018

2018 Feed Dealer Seminars

Tatum Langworthy, Sr. Administrative Assistant
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 17, 2018

Northern Corn Leaf Blight in Northern New York

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: September 6, 2018

2018: Bunker Silo Safety Reminder from OSHA

Kim Morrill, Dairy Management
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: August 24, 2018

Alfalfa Weevils: The Early Alfalfa Pest

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 11, 2018

1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring, June 4, 2018

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 7, 2018

1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring, May 29, 2018

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 31, 2018

1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring, May 21, 2018

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 22, 2018

1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring, May 14, 2018

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 17, 2018

1st Cut Alfalfa Height Monitoring, May 7, 2018

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 9, 2018

Alfalfa Seeding Rates Revisted

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 2, 2018
Alfalfa Seeding Rates Revisted

Key Oportunities to Optimize 2018 Crop Production Efficiency

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 2, 2018
Key Oportunities to Optimize 2018 Crop Production Efficiency

Residential Agricultural Discount Application

Lindsay Ferlito, Dairy Management
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 2, 2018

When Planting Goes Wrong....

Kelsey O'Shea, Agriculture Business Development
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: April 2, 2018
When Planting Goes Wrong....

Prevented Planting & Replant Provisions in Crop Insurance

NNY Western Bean Cutworm Count 2017

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 6, 2018

NNY Western Bean Cutworm Moth Trap Summary

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: February 6, 2018

2017 NYS & VT Corn Silage Trial Data Tables

Last Modified: November 27, 2017

We received the rest of the data back from Cumberland Valley Analytical Services today and I am attaching a preliminary report containing the data tables and basic information on the trials. We will be working on analyzing the data from predicted milk yields with the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System (CNCPS) model in the coming weeks and will provide a full report with that information once complete.

Alfalfa Snout Beetle - Hunting Season is Now Open

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 24, 2017

Don't Ignore Marestail!

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: October 24, 2017

Don't Ignore Marestail...

2017 NY Farmer Heavy Rainfall Survey

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: September 6, 2017

Potato Leafhopper

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: July 17, 2017

Planting BMR Brachytic Dwarf Sorghum in NNY

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 9, 2017

Final Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - June 6, 2017

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 7, 2017
Final Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - June 6, 2017

NYS Regist. Insecticides for Armyworm/Cereal Leaf Beetle on Multiple Field Crops

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 7, 2017

Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 30, 2017

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 31, 2017
Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 30, 2017

2016 North Country Drought in the Rearview?

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 30, 2017

Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 23, 2017

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 24, 2017
Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 23, 2017

The May 23 Alfalfa Height Report shows that some alfalfa-grass fields are ready for mowing now. About half of the fields with 50% grass or more were at or beyond ideal NDF according to the graph above (above the line). They should be mowed ASAP for best quality. Again, once fields are past their prime send them to the bottom of the mowing order and prioritize fields where quality is still high. Go back to the declining fields later, as time permits.

The forecast for the next week most of the North Country is not good for attempting to make dry hay. It may well be too wet for haylage and balage too, in many areas.

Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 16, 2017

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 17, 2017
Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 16, 2017

Weather is beginning to warm but alfalfa and grass continued to grow slowly this past week, due to cool temps and cloudy skies. On average, alfalfa heights are still ahead of this week in 2016 (15.4" vs 14.3" in 2016). Some orchardgrass fields at lower elevations in Lewis and Jefferson were headed this week, while others to the north had heads still down near the soil surface. Once fields are past their prime (grasses first) send them to the bottom of the mowing order. Prioritize fields where quality is still high, then go back to the rest.

With this wet weather delay, consider skipping new hay seedings this spring to move directly on to corn planting. Hay fields can still be seeded in late summer, but corn has to be planted ASAP.
Monitor grass fields and winter cereals closely as we are at or near optimal cutting time - they could be ready now or may head quickly with the warmer, drier weather. Be sure to mow at a height of no less than 4" above soil surface and below grass heads.

Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 9, 2017

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 10, 2017
Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 9, 2017

The May 9th Alfalfa Height Report is attached. Alfalfa and grass have both grown slowly this week, due to cool temps and cloudy skies. Alfalfa heights are still ahead of where they were this week in 2016, however. Many fields again had standing water this week from heavy rains from May 2 to 9. Once fields are past their prime (grasses first) send them to the bottom of the mowing order. Prioritize fields where quality is still high, then go back to the rest. Consider storing lower quality 1st cut separately, to optimize its use with non-lactating animals.
With this wet weather delay, consider skipping new hay seedings this spring to move directly on to corn planting. Hay fields can still be seeded in late summer, but corn has to be planted ASAP.
Monitor winter cereals closely - they may head quickly when we get some warmer, drier weather, making optimal harvest even more difficult.

Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 2, 2017

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 5, 2017
Alfalfa Height Monitoring Report - May 2, 2017

We are seeing differences among monitored fields. Check your fields! It is important to get out and measure alfalfa heights in your own fields to help judge rate of growth and maturity for best timing of 1st cutting.

Alfalfa and grass have both grown quickly over the past couple of weeks, but growth is likely to slow down during the coming week due to low forecasted temperatures. 

2017 Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management Now Available

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: December 28, 2016
2017 Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management Now Available

The 2017 edition of the Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management is now available. This annual publication provides up-to-date field crop production information for New York State. It is designed as a practical guide for field crop producers, crop consultants, ag chemical dealers, and others who advise field crop producers.

2016 Cornell Corn Silage Variety Trial Results

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: December 16, 2016

In 2016, Cornell's Corn Silage Hybrid Testing Program returned to New York State after a 2-year hiatus. Cornell Cooperative Extension, the Pro-Dairy Program and Cornell's Plant Breeding and Genetics Department collaborated to organize and implement the 2016 trials. The objective of these variety comparisons is to provide independent, unbiased evaluation of commercial corn silage hybrids available in New York State. The variety trial provides farmers, seed corn companies and university personnel with information on the relative performance of corn hybrids grown under NY climate and soil types.

Emergency Forage Options for NNY

Last Modified: July 31, 2016

Field Crops, Forages, and Soil Info for NNY

NNY Ear to the Ground

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: June 28, 2016

Pricing Standing Hay

Last Modified: June 7, 2016
Pricing Standing Hay

Alfalfa Height Monitoring

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 20, 2016
Alfalfa Height Monitoring

Ear to the Ground

Kitty O'Neil, Team Leader, Field Crops & Soils Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: May 20, 2016

Be on the Lookout for Horseweed...A.K.A Marestail

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: March 25, 2016
Be on the Lookout for Horseweed...A.K.A Marestail

Be on the Lookout for Horseweed...A.K.A Marestail

How will El Nino Impact our Crops in 2016?

Mike Hunter, Field Crops Specialist
North Country Regional Ag Team

Last Modified: March 19, 2016

What is this El Nino and how is it going to affect our crops...

Can value be added to Holstein bull calves?

Last Modified: December 9, 2015
Can value be added to Holstein bull calves?

With favorable market conditions, it can be profitable raising dairy beef. 



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Upcoming Events

Beat the Heat! Heat Stress Management Program

June 22, 2021
June 30, 2021
: Heat Stress Management Program

June 22, 2021

7:00pm - 8:30pm

Kelly Farm

2270 DeKalb Kelly Rd

Rensselaer Falls

June 30, 2021

7:00pm - 8:30pm

Miner Institute Dairy Barn

1034 Miner Farm Rd Chazy, NY

Calf Barn Ventilation Program

July 27 - July 28, 2021

Join us for a free on-farm demonstration and discussion about the importance of adequate calf barn ventilation and the impacts ventilation has on calf health and performance. This program is applicable to any sized dairy farm, and any type of barn ventilation system.

 

Announcements

Managing Forages through Drought Webinars

Part 1: Managing Pastures in Drought may be viewed here: https://vod.video.cornell.edu/media/1_19bj2cuc

Part 2: Stored Forages: Winter Feed Supply Beyond the Drought may be viewed here: https://vod.video.cornell.edu/media/1_ql576klx


The Coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly across the world.

Although cities have the most sick people, the disease has reached rural communities of New York as well. Everyone needs to take this very seriously. Agriculture is an essential business, so many of us will continue to go to work. However, we all need to take precautions to stay safe and help prevent further spread of the disease. The key things to do are limit contact with other people and keep everything very clean. We've prepared a new resource to help Spanish- and English-speaking farm employees access credible, multi-lingual information that they can use right away. Here are this links to a printable resource for farms to use:
English COVID 19 Procedures
Spanish COVID 19 Procedures


To see a full list of other relevant resources, click here.




How to Manage COVID-19 Risk on Dairy Farms

Straightforward helpful steps to manage risk on dairy farms!  We are happy to help talk farms through these steps and develop risk management plans for protecting owners and team members. Reach out to Kelsey O'Shea via email kio3@cornell.edu for more information.



Update - Regional Ag Team Operations during COVID-19

Click here to get the updated information on our operations.


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